Copyright Affiliates

The US Copyright Office manages copyrights. The US Copyright Office promotes creativity and free expression by administering the nation’s copyright laws and by providing impartial, expert advice on copyright law and policy for the benefit of all. The US Copyright Office provides online capability to register, record, and research copyrights. There is lots of resources and educational content available at

The copyright symbol, or copyright sign, © (a circled capital letter C for copyright), is the symbol used in copyright notices for works other than sound recordings. The use of the symbol is described by the Universal Copyright Convention. The symbol is widely recognized but, under the Berne Convention, is no longer required in most nations to assert a new copyright.

In the United States, the Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988, effective March 1, 1989, removed the requirement for the copyright symbol from U.S. copyright law, but its presence or absence is legally significant on works published before that date, and it continues to affect remedies available to a copyright holder whose work is infringed.

Read more at Wikipedia: Copyright Symbol

Copyright Affiliates

Carson Patents® provides Personal Patent Services™. For copyright matters, we maintain the following copyright affiliations with these outstanding Intellectual Property Attorneys.

United States Representation

William Scott Goldman – William Scott Goldman is the founding member of Goldman Law Group, representing creative business clients throughout the U.S. and internationally. Mr. Goldman received an LL.M. in Patent and Intellectual Property Law from George Washington University and is licensed to practice before several courts. See Goldman Law Group for copyrights, or Contact Carson Patents® for a referral.

Carson Patents® provides Personal Patent Services™. For copyright matters, contact one of our recommended affiliates.

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